Totalitarian regimes use a non-competitive elections, the main feature which is the presence of one candidate (or a single electoral list) Exhibited by the ruling group or party., in the totalitarian political systems of the communist type, they are employed mainly as political propaganda, the official explanation of the goals and values of policy; mobilization of the masses on their achievements; demonstrate unity of the Party and people, leaders and the masses through the unanimous support of and participation in elections, forming the mass illusion of participation in politics and democracy political system.
In authoritarian states elections are the democratic facade conniving monopoly on power a small group of people or one person. Here used as a noncompetitive and polukonkurentnye elections. Newest characterized by such features as an assumption merely pleasing to the election or at least loyal to the government candidates and parties, limit the competence elected by electoral institutions. Modern non-democratic regimes usually rely on a complex ways of rigging the election results and turning them into an instrument manipulation, a means of organizing self-deception of its own citizens and to mislead international public opinion.
In authoritarian states, where the sum is favorable for her the balance of power and at least mostly provided the principles of free elections, they are the best tool for the democratization of society. Elections provide the most painless for the citizens and society peaceful transition to democracy. By their very nature they exclude political violence.In addition, the elections - the most effective means of eliminating authoritarian regime and the coming to power of democratic forces. Critical importance of elections as an instrument of transition to democracy is also associated with approval of their fundamental rights and freedoms, human values.
Electoral Systems. Types of elections The electoral system is the organization and conduct of elections, as well as determine the outcome of voting in the election of representative bodies, several senior officials of the State and officials (especially at election president), as well as representative bodies of subjects of federation in federative state, bodies of autonomous entities, local government, their heads.
Electoral system - part of the political system, it divided into structural components:
- Suffrage - the theoretical and legal component;
- The electoral process (electoral process) - a component of practical organizational.
The right to vote - is a set of legal rules governing the participation of citizens in the elections, the organization and conduct of the latter, the relationship between electorate and the elected bodies or officials, as well as procedures recall elected representatives, who had betrayed the trust of voters. Suffrage - the right to elect the elected government bodies and local governments, as well as participate in referendums. Eligibility - The right to be elected to elective bodies and local self-government.
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