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Religious worldview

In the eighth chapter of the fourth book of the Social Contract, Rousseau outlined their attitude towards religion. He was far from the view that religion - "the opium of the people.Yet in this chapter provides sharp attacks against official feudal-clerical ideology. First, Rousseau sharply condemns Christianity for connection with existing political organizations. He often criticized Christianity and for what it is too little appreciated the earth, civic life, and contrary to common sense occupied almost exclusively by "heavenly thoughts.

Secondly, in the Christian states, continued to Rousseau, is never to accurately find out who must be obeyed - or secular ruler priest.And in general Christian religion teaches mainly obedience and humility. Christian with a profound lack of fulfilling his civic duty; for it is not important, who and how to manage people. His religious views of Rousseau with sufficient detail presented in "Confession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar.

Arguing about the universe, the unity of the whole, the activity being established on order in the universe, Rousseau deist, like Voltaire, he professes to theism, ie not only recognizes God as the root cause, which determines the entire world order but also implies that God is present in all creation,constantly interfering in some degree in the course of events. Religiosity in the understanding of Rousseau is the source of the two - the cult of nature and the cult of human heart. Here lies a fundamental rejection of rationalist approach to religion.Rousseau has in mind religiosity of the naive, outside the Church, yet he himself is included as necessary parts to complete his philosophical and moral system. As far back as "Discourse on the arts and sciences" Rousseau wrote: "When people were innocent and virtuous, they wanted the gods were witnesses to their actions, and they lived with the gods under one and the same roof, but soon, when people began unkind, they were bored with these inconvenient witnesses, and they removed them in magnificent temples. In the end, they drove the gods, and from there to settle in these temples themselves, or at least, the temples of the gods already ceased to differ from the homes of people. "

The roots of the idea of "natural religion" of the Savoyard vicar to be found partly in Rousseau's understanding of some tenets of Calvinistic doctrine, partly in some sentimental, mystical religious teachings XVII-XVIII centuries., such religion of love and ecstasy Francis de Sales or "quietism," preached Madame Guyon.

Timmy Dunn For Congress
215 Dick Street
Fayetteville, NC  28303
(910) 484-5353

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