At the referendum, as a rule, the question (rarely - a few questions) assumed to be positive ("yes") or negative, (no) response voter. Another possible option, as the voice of a selection of several possible solutions (this method is practiced, particularly in Switzerland). In this case, the voter can choose one of the solutions or to positive response to several options, the decision also will be determined majority vote: it is the option with the highest number positive responses. All other options, even if they gather significant number of votes shall be considered rejected.
The question of the referendum, or a set of proposed options called the formula of the referendum. The law sets limits Acceptable Use Policy Institute of the referendum. On the electorate vote can not bring issues of emergency or urgent nature,requiring special knowledge, as well as suchanswer to which is known advance (for example, to lower taxes,higher wages, etc.). Not can be put to a referendum budget issues, amnesty, human resource issues, questions about the measures to ensure public order, health and safety population. Also, it should be noted that the question (or series of questions) Introduction referendum should be clearly identified, should not contain ambiguous values, because the population may have problems voting therefore, the decision taken at the referendum may be unsatisfactory.
The referendum can not be held in a state of emergency, military, martial law provision can not be held twice on the same subject or may be held for the second time on this issue only after a certain time (for example, in Spain in 3 years). Thus legislation introduces a clear limitation for the referendum. All it is connected with the importance of the decision adopted at the referendum, as well as effects that may be the solution.
The organization of the referendum is similar to the organization of elections (electoral rolls, electoral commissions or commissions on the referendum, the regulation of propaganda and campaigning for the referendum, summarizing, etc.), but in this If the voter does not vote for any candidate or list candidates, and for a proposal containing a draft decision on any matter. As for elections, free airtime is provided and place in periodicals political groups advocating for or against proposed solutions (time and place in publications available to all equally or, as in Spain, in proportion to the number of parliamentary factions).
Voting is carried out only through the official ballots made by authorized government bodies (in the elections can be used in informal ballot papers). Also resorted to electoral machine, special computers. If by law to vote in elections is required, it is necessary for the referendum. Sanctions similar, because the legislation on elections and referenda closely related, originate, usually from one fundamental provisions. Determining the outcome of the referendum is a very important procedure. Typically, referendum declared valid if it was attended by most registered voters, and the decision is considered adopted if Most of them (-50% plus one vote) have responded positively to proposed issue. Sometimes, however, for a decision should be 2 / 3 or even 3 / 4 vote of a positive response. In some cases, for that decision could be taken, shall not turnout voters, and the percentage of positive responses (eg, in the UK referendum on granting autonomy to Scotland in Wales required to obtain 40% of affirmative answers voters in those parts States that failed either in Scotland or in Wales).
Individual voters can lodge complaints about the conduct of election commissions and electoral boards, commissions on the referendum (in different countries used different names), the violation of their voting rights. These complaints are dealt with by the same procedure as for the elections. Right challenge the results of the referendum is available only political factions. The final decision on such protest usually takes the country's highest court (Supreme Court), in many Latin America - Supreme (highest) electoral tribunals sometimes - the highest administrative court.
Dunn For Congress
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