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Question

Question about the types of political culture due to a variety of political systems, the difference in the level of socio-economic, political and cultural development of countries and their historical traditions, resulting is the diversity of political cultures, nations, social communities, individuals. There are different ways of classifying political cultures. At the heart of the Marxist approach to the classification of political cultures is the position that exist within the same type of society political cultures have common essential features.Accordingly distinguishes types of political cultures of the slave, feudal and bourgeois society.

The most developed classification of political cultures on the basis of this Approach to fulfill Polish scholar Jerzy Vyatr. In his view, the slave and feudal societies corresponds to the type traditional political culture, characterized by the recognition of the sacred the nature of power and traditions as a regulator of political relations. In Under this type of political culture provides a breeding scientist, theocratic and despotic its variations, which may be different be combined with each other. In bourgeois society Vyatr distinguishes two basic types of political culture: the democratic and autocratic. The first is characterized by high activity of citizens and their broader political rights. The second type of political culture as ideal state recognizes the strong and unchecked power, limiting democratic rights and freedoms of citizens.

The West was well known typology of political culture, which suggested that American political scientists S. Verba and H. Almond. It is based on the results of a comparative analysis of political cultures existing in different countries, depending on the degree of orientation people to participate in political life, in the operation political system. The starting point of their approach is the design three "pure" types of political culture and the elimination of these mixed types political culture. Net types, according to their definition, are patriarchal, poddannicheskaya and activist (civil) political culture.

The patriarchal, or parochial, political culture characterized by social community, the political interests that do not go beyond its community, village or district. Its distinguishing feature is the complete absence the members of the community interest in political institutions,to the central authorities. As local leaders,and the subjects did not feel any sense of central governmenttheir attitude is not determined by any standards. In fact, the closest modern equivalent of such political culture may be the relations that exist in African tribes.

Timmy Dunn For Congress
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Fayetteville, NC  28303
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