Finally, the last limit of the inequality comes from the degeneration of the state in despotism.In this state there are no more nor rulers, nor the laws - there only some tyrants. Individuals are now once again become equal between themselves, because before they despot - nothing. Full circle, said Rousseau, the people enters a new natural state, which differs from the previous order, that is the fruit of extreme decomposition.
If the despot overthrown, argued the philosopher, he can not complain violence. In its natural state is all based on force, on the law fittest. Rebellion against tyranny is therefore as much lawful act, as those orders by which the despot ruled his subjects. "Violence has supported him, violence and overthrow: everything was a natural way. "While the people were compelled to obey and obeys, he does well, he wrote a thinker. But if the people receiving opportunity to throw off the yoke to overthrow tyranny, he received another better. These statements contain a justification of revolutionary (Violent) overthrow of absolutism.
The theory of natural law
Study of the Origin of Inequality Rousseau had no analogues in the preceding literature. Using the terminology and the general scheme of the theory of natural law (Natural state, the transition to civil society and the state), Rousseau develops a very different doctrine. Abstract constructs philosophy of rationalism, he fills the historical content. Rousseau seeks to trace the origin and development of society, to explain the inner dynamics of this process. The arguments about the progressive development of a thinker society by deepening social inequalities contain elements historical dialectic.
According to the views of Rousseau, in their natural state (as in the first and in second) the right does not exist. With respect to the original state they were rejected the idea of natural rights. At the earliest stages human history, people, according to the philosopher, there was no notions of law and morality. In his description of "very happy era" preceding the emergence of property, Rousseau uses the term "Natural right", but uses it in a specific sense - for indicate freedom of moral choice, which people are endowed by nature, and appearing on this ground natural sense (total) for all human race justice. The concepts of natural law and natural law lose his legal significance and become only moral category.
With regard to despotism, or the second natural state, then it all actions are determined by force and, therefore, there is also no law. "The word law adds nothing to the force. It is simply does not mean anything "- Rousseau pointed out.The revolt against the despot just as legitimately only the laws of despotism, but by itself it does not lead to the formation of a legitimate power. Under the law, according to the thinker, can serve only the treaties and agreements. In contrast to the natural law they advanced the idea of law political, ie based on treaties.
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