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- Equality - Each voter has one vote only,
which is evaluated equally, regardless of its affiliation to
or another person. Equal voting rights also implies
equality of electoral districts. So the U.S. is considered acceptable
If the election for Congress is the difference in the number of people voting
districts does not exceed 2%, in Germany on 1 ^. In Russia in the elections to the State. Duma 1995
, the number of voters in the districts ranged from 400 thousand in
densely populated areas up to 300 thousand in Yakutia, and 172 thousand in Tuva.
Wrong thread districts can be an effective tool for
manipulate the votes.
- The mystery of the election -
individual voter's decision should not
be someone we know. This principle provides for freedom of choice,
protects citizens from all sorts of persecution,
Almost a secret election provided a closed procedure
vote, the presence of special voting booths, the standard
uniform, the same ballots, they include
the names of all candidates, or the use of special machines.
On the basis of democratic principles of electoral rights have been formed,
characterize the organization of the electoral process.These include:
Direct (direct) voting - a voter decides
immediate candidate for elective office, vote for real
First of all, this equality of material and information resources.
It ensured the establishment of maximum for any party
level of expenditure on elections, limiting contributions from
organizations and individuals in the election funds of parties and
candidates, providing them with the principles of equality of free time
State television, radio, etc.
- Freedom of elections, which involves, first of all, the absence
political, administrative, socio-economic,
psychological and informational pressure on voters
activists, candidates and election officials.
- Availability choice
- Contestability, competition
elections. Various political forces should be able to fight for
voters' confidence in elections, acquaintances and persuade them
correctly, the advantages of their election program.
The frequency and regularity of the elections.
- Equal opportunities
political parties and candidates.
Elections to the totalitarian, authoritarian and transitional societies
Compliance with the principles of free elections is directly dependent on
type of political system.In some cases, an important guarantee of compliance
democratic principles of elections may make external factors:
international control, the occupying forces of democratic nations. Although
usually determined by the nature of the elections for the country's internal conditions. Without
System security - the availability of a set of interrelated factors
- Election as a relatively independent political process can
used far away from democracy, and even directly opposed to her.
In today's elections are widely used by authoritarian and totalitarian
regimes. The main social purpose of elections in such circumstances is
strengthening of appropriate types of political domination by
political consciousness of its own citizens and (or) international
public opinion. In this case the elections do not determine the composition