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In the "Social Contract" Rousseau often mentions the political teachings of Thomas Hobbes. Rousseau sharply criticized the anti-democratic tendencies in views of Hobbes,his contempt for freedom and equality. " But this did not prevent him see the strengths of the teaching of the English philosopher-materialist,namely its anti-feudal views on church leadership. Rousseau wrote that Hobbes first ". Dared to propose to combine the two heads eagle (ie church and state) and bring all the political unity, without which neither the state nor The Board will never have a good device.

In the "Social Contract" and other works of Rousseau's frequent references and the other English philosopher-materialist - John Locke. Under system of training and education of Locke,outlined in his treatise "A few thoughts on education, children should affect mainly the convictionappealing to their reason. In this issue Rousseau disagreed not only with Locke, but and with all preceded by the authorities - Monteo, La Bruyere and others accordance with their moral and pedagogical views, he argued that the most important and original task of education - to make children sensitive to the fact that they inspire. "Sam Locke, the wise Locke - Rousseau wrote in the novel "New Heloise" - forgot this very basis, he says more about that should be exempt from the children than about how it extracted from them. " Great influence on Rousseau had the eminent French sociologist S. - L.Montesquieu. The main work of Montesquieu - The Spirit of Laws "(1748) - is a capital study of the basic conditions and guarantees political freedom. The best guarantee of political liberty Montesquieu believed separation and balancing of powers: legislative, executive and judiciary. He argued that such a separation would not only guarantee the full enjoyment of political freedom, but also crucial for successful eliminating all kinds of public abuse.

The center of gravity in the political doctrine of Rousseau moved to the problem of social the nature of power and its accessories to the people. Related to this and other feature of his theory: it does not contain detailed project organization ideal system. In the "Social Contract" Rousseau sought to justify a general early "Free republic". He emphasized that the specific forms and methods exercise of power should be determined for each country, given its size, the past etc. The principles of this approach it outlined in the draft constitution for Poland and Corsica. Chapter 2. Social and political philosophy The idea that the state occurs on a voluntary union, noted in "Discourse on Inequality", in more detail in "Political Economy" and later in the "Social Contract" (1762).

Timmy Dunn For Congress
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